In collaboration withÂ Africa Gomez I have worked on a number of projects with theÂ Brachionus plicatilis species complex. These rotifer species are inabitants of saline ponds worldwide and we were able to show that “B.plicatilis” is in fact a collection of cryptic species highly diversified at the DNA sequence level. It has since become clear that these species also differ in ecology, morphology and mating compatibility. Within the single good speciesÂ B.plicatilis ss we have worked on phylogeographic questions both within Iberia and on a global scale. The image is by Scott Mills of an AustralianÂ Brachionus sp., likelyÂ B. plicatilis.
Mills, S., D. H. Lunt, and A. Gomez (2007) BMC EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY 7:225 doi:10.1186/1471-2148-7-225 (PDF)Â Global isolation by distance despite strong regional phylogeography in a small metazoan
Gomez, A., J. Montero-Pau, D. H. Lunt, M. Serra, and S. Campillo (2007) MOLECULAR ECOLOGY 16:3228-3240.Â PDF Persistent genetic signatures of colonization in Brachionus manjavacas rotifers in the Iberian Peninsula
Berrieman, H. K., D. H. Lunt, and A. Gomez (2005) HYDROBIOLOGIA 546:125-134.Â PDF Behavioural reproductive isolation in a rotifer hybrid zone
Gomez, A., M. Serra, G. R. Carvalho, and D. H. Lunt (2002) EVOLUTION 56:1431-1444.Â PDF Speciation in ancient cryptic species complexes: Evidence from the molecular phylogeny ofÂ Brachionus plicatilis (Rotifera)
Gomez, A., G. J. Adcock, D. H. Lunt, and G. R. Carvalho (2002) JOURNAL OF EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY 15:158-171.Â PDF The interplay between colonization history and gene flow in passively dispersing zooplankton: microsatellite analysis of rotifer resting egg banks
Gomez, A., G. R. Carvalho, and D. H. Lunt (2000) PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON SERIES B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES 267:2189-2197.Â PDF Phylogeography and regional endemism of a passively dispersing zooplankter: mitochondrial DNA variation in rotifer resting egg banks
The bryozoanÂ Celleporella hyalina is found globally throughout the cold and temperate shoreline. In collaboration with Roger Hughes, Gary Carvalho and Africa Gomez we sampled globally, sequenced mtDNA and nuclear loci, carried out detailed morphological measurements and assayed mating compatibility. Together we produced very strong evidence thatÂ C. hyalina is a cryptic species complex comprising approximately 15 separate, reproductively isolated species that had been diverging for millions of years.
Hughes, R. N., A. Gomez, P. J. Wright, H. I. Moyano, J. M. Cancino, G. R. Carvalho, and D. H. Lunt (2008) Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 46:369-374.Â PDF Molecular phylogeny supports division of the ‘cosmopolitan’ taxon Celleporella (Bryozoa; Cheilostomata) into four major clades
Gomez, A., R. N. Hughes, P. J. Wright, G. R. Carvalho, and D. H. Lunt (2007) MOLECULAR ECOLOGY 16:2173-2188.Â PDF Mitochondrial DNA phylogeography and mating compatibility reveal marked genetic structuring and speciation in the NE Atlantic bryozoanÂ Celleporella hyalina
Gomez, A., P. J. Wright, D. H. Lunt, J. M. Cancino, G. R. Carvalho, and R. N. Hughes (2007) Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences 274:199-207.Â PDF Mating trials validate the use of DNA barcoding to reveal cryptic speciation of a marine bryozoan taxon
This is a protocol to isolate microsatellites from a library. It is not a microsatellite enrichment protocol, there are many of those, and almost all of them work well in combination with PIMA. Once a microsatellite-enriched library has been created PIMA replaces traditional approaches (radioactive hybridization, sequencing all colonies) to detect which are the microsatellite-containing colonies and isolate the insert for sequencing and primer design. Cost is at worst very similar to that of radioactive hybridization and proves much cheaper in our hands. Speed and efficiency are at least equal to hybridization techniques. We tend not to use the RAPD enrichment protocol anymore. It is just about the fastest but other methods typically enrich more effectively. I like the protocol of Hammond et al  that employs binding to biotinylated microsatellite oligos. Any method of enrichment can replace stage A (left).
Lunt, D. H., W. F. Hutchinson, and G. R. Carvalho (1999) MOLECULAR ECOLOGY 8:891-893.Â PDF An efficient method for PCR-based isolation of microsatellite arrays (PIMA). Laboratory PIMA protocol
 Hammond, RL et al. (1998) Isolation of microsatellite markers in animals in Molecular Tools for Screening Biodiversity Ed A Karp et al. Chapman and Hall
In mitochondrial DNA recombination is often hard to detect and discriminate from variability generated by other mechanisms. In order to test whether animal mtDNA could recombine I investigated the by-products of mtDNA recombination in the nematodeMeloidogyne javanica. Our experiment conclusively showed that intramolecular recombination was teh cause of deletion inÂ M. javanica mtDNA. Since both intramolecular and intermolecular recombination are likely to utilize the same enzymes via similar mechanisms, and mtDNA recombination is already well documented in plants, fungi and protists, it is very likely indeed that all organisms possess the ability to recombine mtDNA. Subsequent work by other groups has strongly supported these assertions, and the interesting questions now revolve around the molecular mechanisms, frequency and evolutionary consequences of mtDNA recombination. This work was done in collaboration with Brad Hyman at UC Riverside. The figure shows the mtDNA repeat arrays used to detect recombination.
Lunt, D. H., and B. C. Hyman (1997) Nature 387:247-247.Â PDF Animal mitochondrial DNA recombination